Baum Law Offices, LLC – Attorney Matthew Baum

A Brief History of Maryland District Court

Maryland District Court is the court of first impression for misdemeanor criminal cases, traffic violations, small claims cases under $5000, peace and protective orders, and certain kinds of felony cases. District courts are located all over the state. There are 12 of them in total. The current system of District Courts in Maryland was created by an amendment to the Maryland Constitution passed in 1970. Prior to the creation of the Maryland District Courts, the state was served by local courts that followed different sets of rules from location to location. This collection of local courts was notorious for having untrained magistrates and justices of the peace presiding over some relatively serious cases. The modern District Courts System established in 1971 replaced these courts with a comprehensive, state-wide network of courts that follow the same rules and benefit from having legally trained judges.